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Many of you love to drink wine, but do you know what it takes to make it? There are many different recipes for making wine, and plenty of different processes, as well as opinions. A big factor in wine making is harvest time. It really does make all the difference when it comes to making specific wines. The ripeness of the grape will determine such things as acidity, sweetness, and alcohol level. Before the wine is even made, the viticulturist chooses the moment of ripeness when the grapes will be harvested. Harvest is considered the most crucial part of the wine making process. Pick your grapes too early and you have higher acidity, lower alcohol levels, and greener flavors and aromas. It's not an easy task to undertake when you have to take into consideration the difference in climates, where the vineyard is located, and the variety of grape that is being grown.

It's not just a matter of tasting the grapes to see if they're ripe. Such things as pH are tested as well, making the viticulturist something of a scientist. The more mature the grape is, the sweeter. During the fermentation process, the more sugar the greater the alcohol content will be. That's not to say that early grapes are a bad source for wine. Varying levels of ripeness make for different kinds of wine. The style of wine made is dictated by the level of sugars and acids within the grapes. To a winemaker, however, you don't simply make wine, you create it. Each winemaker has their own methods, theories, and recipes that are kept closely guarded.

Wine Making Maceration

Let's move on to maceration time and cold soaking. Maceration time or "skin contact" is how long the grape skins remain in the juice as it turns into wine. Whatever the length of time, this is called maceration time. The concept of cold soaking is when the grapes are kept cold while soaking to help pull out more color and flavor. The idea, here, is to keep the yeast from forming for a period of time so that it doesn't begin to ferment quickly and begin to become alcohol before the desired color and flavor is attained. This process also helps in avoiding an abundance of bitter tannin from being pulled from the skin.

When it comes to aging the wine, some winemakers prefer to use traditional oak barrels and some prefer to use steel tanks. The biggest difference between the two methods is oxygen exposure. When wine is aged in oak, the wine is exposed to more oxygen. Oxygen decreases tannin and decreased tannin allows for a fruitier wine. Wine, that's been aged in oak, over many years, also develops a nutty flavor. Oak definitely adds more than just the vanilla flavor that you may have heard about. Steel tanks are another matter. These allow less oxygen to get to the aging wine and also keeps it fresher. The tanks allow for zestier and juicier wines such as Pinot Gris.

Wine predates the Romans and has been around for thousands of years, and it will continue to be made for thousands more. It has found its way through the ages from country to country and has leaped across the seas. Wine is written about in every religion and has left its mark in history forevermore.

"The peoples of the Mediterranean began to emerge from barbarism when they learnt to cultivate the olive and the vine." - Thucydides, Greek Historian 460B.C.

This article is sponsored in part by Elegant Wines West Island.

Photo credit: michaelvito via Foter.com / CC BY-NC-SA

Click here to find Chiropractors in the West Island

History of the Chiropractor

We owe the existence of chiropractors to one man, in particular. In 1895 a man by the name of D.D. (Daniel David) Palmer, a magnetic healer, adjusted a man by the name of Harvey Lillard. Mr. Lillard was deaf in one ear and was having some heart issues. According to Palmer, he discovered that Lillard had a "displaced vertebrae" and realigned Mr. Lillard. From that moment, the art and science of chiropractors came into being.


Many people don't understand the benefits of a chiropractor. Chiropractic care isn't just for those that have been hurt or in an accident. Did you know that chiropractors also offer preventative care? Chiropractors can also help a wide range of people. From infants to elderly, time and care are given to ensure that the spine and nervous system are fully functional. Chiropractic care can help align an infant's spine, should there be birthing trauma, and the young and elderly alike can find relief from arthritis.

Spinal manipulation is used to correct a body's alignment and keep your body in physical working order. All manner of health problems can arise from misalignment and nerve pain. A chiropractor's job is to identify and treat these misalignments and find the best course of action and treatment for you. Each and every patient is different and as such each and every patient is thoroughly examined before treatment. You'd be surprised by what kind of ailments a chiropractor can help you with.

As you may be aware, these specialists can help with headaches, back pain, neck injury, and individuals suffering from scoliosis. What you may not be aware of is that they can also help with ear infections, blood pressure, asthma, organ function, and even pregnant women that are there for prevention of pregnancy pain due to their changing bodies. Some chiropractors are even trained to focus solely on some of these areas. Believe it or not, there are prenatal chiropractors. Some chiropractors even go through an entire year of nutrition training.

Chiropractors, also, attempt to keep you from unnecessary surgery. Spinal manipulation and the chiropractic community have fought long and hard for the ability to offer you a safer alternative to, possibly damaging, surgery. Sometimes surgery is necessary, but going to see your local chiropractor first could offer you a solution and remedy for your unwanted pain and suffering. If you suffer from pain and don't feel that surgery is for you, your options are always open.

Fun Facts

So you're rough and you're tough and you don't think that seeing a chiropractor is the "manly" thing to do? Well, here's where you'd be mistaken. Anyone that has played sports or is an avid sports fan knows that every single team in the NFL has, at least, one chiropractor on their staff. They wouldn't go anywhere without them! How loved are these NFL chiropractors? Well, they even have their own trading cards. You have to be pretty awesome for that to happen! It doesn't end there. One chiropractor even created trading cards for children that sports chiropractors dressed as superhero's.

Learn more about Chiropractic in Canada.

Learn how to score higher in your bowling game.
Learn how to score higher in your bowling game.

It’s true that when you toss your bowling ball you can throw caution to the wind and pray for the best. But there are some surefire tips to help you improve your results when you are bowling. All this is done without having to invest hundreds on products that promise to boost your score, or to take an overly complicated approach to the game.

Understand your Alignment

First, is to understand your alignment. When you toss your ball at an ally, you’ll notice the oil on the lane will affect the ball. You can use the natural draw and help it to better align the direction of your ball. You’ll want to adjust your technique for the individual lane so you boost your number of strikes and to better manage the ball when you are going for a spare. When you spin the ball into the oil pattern on a lane, you’ll see the ball skid and this is a useful technique when you are looking to boost speed. In turn, working it away with an opposite spin causes friction and allows for more gain. When you learn to master this area of the lane, you can see a sudden increase in your score.

Consistency is important

Consistency is also important when bowling. When you master technique, it is important to maintain the same skid and control each time. That means working on delivering the ball at the same point behind the foul line, and ensuring that you repeat the cycle of success. This will deliver better results and is one of the things that professional bowlers have been using for decades to achieve perfect scores.

The Critical Spare

When you don’t manage a strike, the spare is a critical part of the equation. You need to ensure you are hitting the pocket and capturing the difficult spares. The best way to do this is to practice different techniques and see what works best for you in each situation. When you have a surefire approach done with corner spares, and splits, you can work on improving your efforts and your underlying score should continue to increase.

Tossing the ball

When tossing the ball, straighten your wrist. You’ll want to hold your hand straight and swing the back from out and back. Then rotate your wrist, hand and fingers on the arm toward the opposite side of the body as you push the ball forward. When your hand reaches the point of your ankle, release it like a handshake.

Patience when learning to bowling

Above all, don’t expect to have the results you’re looking for overnight. Bowling isn’t something you’ll master in a matter of minutes. Instead, it takes time and a great deal of practice to work with. You’ll need to learn how to test lanes and to gain a better understanding of the lanes you are playing in. As you do that, you can throw the ball with ease and achieve better results.

Blog post sponsored by Bowling Pincourt

Photo credit: hherbzilla via Foter.com / CC BY-NC

Let the kids go candlepin bowling in the West Island
Let the kids go candlepin bowling in the West Island

Small ball bowling or candlepin bowling is different from traditional bowling in several ways. The origins of candlepin bowling stems back to 1880 when Justin White developed the sport in Massachusetts 15 years before the invention of duckpin bowling.

Both variations of the game have a similar framework. Players roll their ball down a wooden lane and the goal is to knock down as many pins as possible. In candlepin bowling, players have three balls per frame to accomplish this task, compared to the two balls per frame found in the traditional game.

Ball size in Candlepin Bowling

The size of these balls are also vastly different. In candlepin bowling, the ball is 11.43 cm and weighs as much as a candlepin. In traditional bowling, the ball is 27” and can weigh no more than 16 pounds. Because of the size difference in balls, it is much harder for the player to knock down the pins. This is one of the reasons why the highest official score for candlepin bowling is only 245 points out of a possible 300 points, as set by Ralph Semb in 1984. Since that time, only one other player has officially matched it and that was Chris Sargent in 2011.

Traditional Bowling

In traditional bowling, a player who has mastered the art of tossing the ball can easily score regular 300 games. It deals more with the spin and the speed, rather than accuracy and positioning in terms of striking the pins at the end of the lane.

This means that candlepin is thus a more difficult game to play than traditional bowling. While ball control is important above all. In candlepin, the nature of the ball means it doesn’t matter how hard or fast it is thrown, but the angle and the precision you exact your roll with that will have a greater determination on how successful you are when you are bowling.

Because of their very nature, both candlepin and regular bowling also have different levels of noise. Because of the deadwood pins in a traditional bowling tournament and the size of the balls, there is a louder sound when they strike them. This fills the room, where candlepin bowling tends to be a more subtle and peaceful experience.

That doesn’t mean that either type of game is better or worse than the other. Ultimately, it comes down to the preference of the bowler which game they prefer. Some players will prefer the traditional game and take pride in playing one style over the other. As you can certainly see, there are several differences that are associated with this game and each contributes to the unique style of the way they are both played at the lanes.

This post is sponsored by Bowling Pincourt

Photo credit: mawkymawk via Foter.com / CC BY-NC

Don't settle for the history of Bowling. Go bowling near the West Island
Don't settle for the history of Bowling. Go bowling near the West Island

Bowling as we know it today is also referred to as tenpins. In this game, a heavy ball with three holes in it, is tossed down a long, narrow lane towards pins. The goal is to knock down the greatest number of pins. Across the globe, you’ll find different variatios of this game. They include candlepins, fivepins, duckpins, skittles, and ninepins.

Where Did Bowling Begin

There is often debate as to where the origins of bowling are found. The first possibility is found in the tombs of the ancient Egyptians. A tomb of a child from 3200 BC reflected nine stone pins and a stone ball. Some have speculated that this was our modern views interpreting what was actually found in the tomb.

The other possibility is the sport originated in Germany as part of a religious ceremony. In this case, a Kegel was used to represent a Heide. If the German participant was able to successfully roll a stone and topple over the Heide, they were forgiven of their sins. If you’ve heard someone at the bowling lane call themselves keglers, that is where the origin of that term comes from.

Several historical references to the game have also appeared over the centuries. In the 16th Century, Martin Luther reportedly built a bowling lane for his kids and would often visit it with them. In the 1300s and 1400s, there are references to people gambling on the game of bowling, where winners could win an ox based on the results of a single throw of the ball. This would be followed by a feast of venison and an actual game of bowling.

North American Variation of Bowling

The North American variation of bowling is often incorrectly associated with lawn bowling. This game was popular in Britain and while the games have some similarities, Dutch Explorer Henry Hudson actually introduced the game to the country.

In the European variation of the game, thin wooden planks that ranged between 12” and 18” wide, by 60’ to 90’ long were used. The game would have a set of nine pins that are smaller than traditional 10 pins placed at the end. Also known as duckpin, the ball wouldn’t have finger holes and the tiny ball fits in the palm of the hand. The goal is to use the ball to knock down the pins. A variation of this game is also played in The Netherlands and is known as plank. In this version the large ball only had a thumbhole in it. The player then rolls the ball down a long plank towards a set of nine pins.

In the 1800s, bowling was gaining popularity in North America and across the globe. The problem was believed to be more of a nuisance, rather than recreational fun because of the gambling that was being associated with the sport. Connecticut and New York both introduced bans on the game, while places like Germany were cracking down on the sport also. The bans all dealt with nine pins or less used in the game. To combat the regulations, tenpins were introduced by bowling clubs. These clubs would use 10 oddly shaped pins in order to circumvent the rule about uniformed shaped pins also. The lack of uniformity made it difficult to create further regulations for the sport and eventually, the bans and restrictions on the sport began to ease up.

While the sport was evolving, there was still a lack of concise rules associated with the game. It wasn’t until September 9, 1895 that rules and equipment standards for the game were released and began to be recognized. This created a fair situation for all players, regardless of where they came from and ensured that the uniformity made the gameplay seamless from one location to the next. Tropical woods were introduced for the pins and this allowed them to become more durable, however they would begin to break down faster and had to be replaced. In 1950, the automatic pin machine was introduced to help speed up the bowling process and to make the sport more enjoyable for people.

At this time, the balls of the game also began to evolve. They would soon be made from polyester, urethane, and even hard rubber. The changes in the ball, also resulted in the change of the type of material that was used for the pins.

Today, you can find a variation of bowling in most countries of the world. This includes Europe where Sweden helped to popularize the modern version of the game in 1909, Great Britain adopted the new tenpins during World War II, and even Australia and Mexico introduced their variations such as skittles at this time. In the 1970s, Japan had a craze with the sport and it blew up into television events and everything else with women bowlers still being a common sight in the area. This then spread to Korea, Indonesia, and even Singapore. This increase in popularity led bowling to become one of the summer games at the Olympics when it was introduced in the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul.

Standardized Specifications for the Modern Game

Today, the game has more standardized variations of the equipment being used. The wooden lanes are now 62’ 10 11/16” long and 42” wide with a lacquer surface that is smooth and free of grooves, while being precisely level. The foul line must be no more than 60’ from the headpin and the length should be at least 15’.

Each pin must be 15” tall and placed in a perfect triangle formation. Pin number one should always face the bowler when placed and the pins should be approximentally 12” apart. All pins are laminated wood core with a plastic coating and must weigh between 3.5 and 3.7 pounds each.

Balls are to weigh no more than 16 pounds, but no minimum weight is in place. They can only be polyester, hard rubber, or urethane and they must be 27” in size.

Just like any sport out there, you’ll find that there is still a chance the game can experience an evolution of some kind. Since the past is full of other variations of the game, it only seems natural to assume that new variations of the game will continue to emerge as the game continues to evolve in popularity.

This post is sponsored by Bowling Pincourt.

Photo credit: MTSOfan via Foter.com / CC BY-NC-SA

It’s almost the long awaited day for kids everywhere. Halloween! Where the candy is free and the kids don’t care what is it as long as its sugar!

Halloween is a very exciting time for kids. They are eager to get their sweets and with the distractions of other costumes, they are not very cautious when it comes to road traffic.

Here are some tips to keep your children safe on Halloween.

  • Know the route they will be taking and with who they will be.
  • Children under 9 should always be accompanied by an adult.
  • Tell your kids to stay on the sidewalk at all times, and to look both ways before crossing.
  • Make your children bring flashlights. Giving them flashlights or lights, will make them visible to drivers.
  • Pick brighter costumes to increase your children’s visibility.
  • Follow your children, either by walking or driving.
  • Inspect all their goodies before letting them devour them.

Staying safe during Halloween is not only up to the children, but the drivers as well.

Tips for drivers.

  • Always drive slow in residential areas.
  • Pay attention to your surroundings and watch out for children crossing.
  • Stay cautious at all times, and look for children running or with reduced visibility due to masks
  • Remember to turn your lights on, so kids know you are there.

Halloween should be a fun night for everyone, especially children! As teenagers or adults, it is our job to look after these children. Avoid injuries by being extremely cautious. Stay safe and enjoy it.


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